Evidence on the Powers the Constitution Leaves Exclusively to the States

The Constitution enumerates the powers of the federal government. But has anyone listed the exclusive powers of states—the realm the federal government may not invade without violating the Constitution? When discussing state authority, the Founders usually pointed out only that the federal government’s powers were, as Madison said, “few and defined,” and that the states…

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Nullification Made Easy

What did our Framers really say we must do when the federal government usurps power? They never said, “When the federal government ignores the Constitution, amend the Constitution.” They never said, “File a lawsuit and let federal judges decide.” Instead, they advised two manly remedies. We’ll look at one of them – nullification – in…

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