Abolitionists for Nullification: Four Important Historical Facts

Opponents of nullification often try to associate it with the slaveholding states of the 19th century South by claiming the issue was settled by the civil war. The implication is that the South wanted to nullify, and since they lost the war, nullification is either racist or illegal. Nothing could be further from the truth.…

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Federalist #42: The Powers Conferred by the Constitution Further Considered”

Federalist No. 42 is an essay by James Madison, and the forty-second of The Federalist Papers. It was published on January 22, 1788 under the pseudonym Publius, the name under which all The Federalist Papers were published. Federalist No. 42 continues a theme that was started in Federalist No. 41. Here, Madison contends that the grant…

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A Check on Federal Power: “Superior to All Parchment Checks that can be Invented”

While James Madison wrote the most specific and complete set of instructions on how to stop the federal government without going to the federal government, he was far from the only founder to talk about states as a check on federal power. A little-known Founder from Massachusetts made the case, just like James Madison did,…

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