James Madison: Veto Message on the Internal Improvements Bill

March 3, 1817: As his last official act as President, Madison vetoes a bill that would provide federal funding for building roads and canals throughout the United States. The President finds no expressed congressional power to fund roads and canals in the Constitution, and he believes that the federal government should not encroach upon matters delegated to state governments.

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Hedges v. Obama: The Supreme Court digs its head deeper into the sand

On Monday, the Supreme Court declined to consider Hedges v. Obama, a constitutional claim challenging a law that could enable theindefinite military detention of US citizens—within the US—without trial, charge, or evidence of crime. The decision is remarkable, both for its implications for fundamental rights, and its reflection on judicial independence.

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