by Lex Green, Illinois Tenth Amendment Center
Rights and privileges are misunderstood by legislators and citizens alike. The application of law from various jurisdictions using conflicting interpretations only confuses citizens and sets the stage for the erosion of rights in spite of intent. The very purpose of civil government is for the protection of our individual rights. Municipal and state laws should constrained to that purpose as much as possible as well. Going beyond that mandate can immediately bring our rights as citizens under attack.
The relationship of state government to the national government in our federal system must not be mistaken. To allow the national government the right to tell state citizens what they can or cannot do violates the contract between the states that is the foundation of our country. The purpose of national intervention into the affairs of citizens is only allowed in the case that state law becomes abusive of the rights of citizens. As long as the state is not abusive of rights, it is in compliance with the federal contract and national interference is not needed. Ultimately, that was the reason for the 14th Amendment.
The 1875 Civil Rights Act was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in 1883 because of the over reaching application of national power, ostensibly through the 14th Amendment. Here is an excerpt from that ruling referring to individual rights as positive rights:
â€œPositive rights and privileges are undoubtedly secured by the Fourteenth Amendment; but they are secured by way of prohibition against State laws and State proceedings affecting those rights and privileges, and by power given to Congress to legislate for the purpose of carrying such prohibition into effect: and such legislation must necessarily be predicated upon such supposed State laws or State proceedings, and be directed to the correction of their operation and effect â€¦â€
In other words, if the state has not passed law abusive of individual rights, the federal government does not have standing to interfere in the affairs of its citizens. To do so would violate the respected order of jurisdictional limits.
It is unfortunate that, after the Civil War, many states did not adequately protect the rights of former slaves. In fact, many abuses of national power can be traced to an inadequate response by the states to maintain the sanctity of individual rights. However, national government encroachment into these areas results in law that coerces rather than protects. The results may help some citizens, but it is almost always at the loss of rights of others.
The current health care law is a prime example of national law that oversteps state jurisdiction and results in the loss of rights of state citizens. By mandating an imaginary â€œrightâ€ to health care, the labor of healthcare providers and the property of taxpayers are unfairly infringed. If, indeed, such a right did exist, the state should respond by protecting that right. But it is hard to protect a right that doesnâ€™t exist, and national encroachment just makes things worse.
These types of actions by the United States Congress infringe on the rights of citizens to be secure and free in their own lives. It also infringes on the responsibility of municipalities and states to protect those rights.
If Congress oversteps its constitutional bounds in this manner, it is the right and responsibility of the states to overrule Congress and protect the Life, Liberty and Property of state citizens. If the state doesnâ€™t do its job on behalf of its citizens, then we may find we have come to Libertyâ€™s end.
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