by Rob Natelson
Hereâ€™s an instructive story:
In 1783, the Constitution had not yet been written, and Congress was operating under the Articles of Confederation. Congress had no ability to enforce its laws, no power to tax, and could not even meet its obligations to the newly-victorious Continental Army.
Debts kept mounting up. In one humiliating incident, Congress felt compelled to flee from Philadelphia when armed troops demanding their back pay physically surrounded the congressional meeting-place at Independence Hall.
Congress re-convened in Princeton, New Jersey. Once there, the delegates started to talk about how it would be a great idea to have a national capital in a district of its own. But Congress couldnâ€™t agree on where the capital district would be located.
Votes were taken on locations in each of the thirteen states, and they were all voted down. More importantly, Congress was completely broke â€” it simply had no money to build a capital.
Faced with a crisis, some of the delegates had an idea. If the idea of having one national capital wasnâ€™t feasible, then they would propose building TWO national capitals â€“ one on the Delaware River, and one on the Potomac. And thatâ€™s just what Congress voted to do!
The lesson for today: The biggest domestic national crisis, almost every impartial observer agrees, consists of the massive and unfunded entitlement programs sweeping the federal government toward default and bankruptcy.
The second biggest problem is health care costs â€” rising crazily because the government has replaced the traditional doctor-patient relationship with huge bureaucracies of â€œthird party payersâ€ ( government agencies and insurance companies).
The obvious cure for both problems is to find ways to disengage government and return these services to the free market. But both of those solutions are off the congressional agenda. Instead, a majority in Congress wants expansion of entitlements and third-party payments.
Politicians havenâ€™t changed much.
What finally cured the problems of the 1780s was a new Constitution that restructured Congress and clearly defined its powers. Itâ€™s becoming more and more clear that it is also going to take some fundamental change to deal with modern congressional irresponsibility â€” probably a constitutional amendment or two.
Rob Natelson is a constitutional law professor at the University of Montana, and runner-up in the 2000 â€œopen primaryâ€ for Governor of Montana. His opinions are his own, and should not be attributed to any other person or institution.
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